Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment
CCEA Curriculum Monitoring Programme 2018-19

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Bigger. Better. Faster. Higher. Smaller. Stronger. Longer. More durable. Less expensive. More efficient. Environmentally friendly. These are the challenges that have motivated engineering for centuries.

Engineering is the application of knowledge, mathematical and natural sciences, and practical experience to the design of useful objects and processes. It is, in short, the pursuit of economy, conservation and innovation.

Engineers strive to make science serve society by putting theory into practice. It can be said that engineering began with the very first tool fashioned by Paleolithic man 2 million years ago. Today its impact is immeasurable and its application for the future, limitless.

and Manufacturing

Closely tied to engineering and industrial design, manufacture is the process of transforming raw materials to finished goods. Derived from the Latin word manu factura, meaning ‘making by hand’, the earliest manufacturers did just that – worked as single-skilled artisans handcrafting products for their communities (blacksmiths, stone masons, carpenters, drapers, furriers, goldsmiths, saddlers, etc.).

Today, manufacturing refers to the making by machine or industrial process. However, its scope extends beyond mere production or fabrication of instruments, machines and equipment. It seeks to do more with less – and this in the face of dwindling natural resources.  It seeks to analyse, manage and optimise industrial policy, manufacturing operations, supply chains and networks, technologies, and systems to discover and apply the right tool or tools for the job, be they physical or procedural.

Strive for perfection in everything you do. Take the best that exists and make it better. When it does not exist, design it.

Sir Henry Royce, British engineer

In short, intelligence… is the faculty of manufacturing artificial objects, especially tools to make tools, and of indefinitely urging the manufacture.

Henri Bergson, French philosopher